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Full Name Pisum sativum var. You will receive a range of benefits including: Pisum sativum [unranked] speciosum Alef. The young seedpods have a sweet flavour, but there is only a thin layer of flesh with a fibrous layer beneath it. glaucospermum (Alefeld) Makasheva, Pea 53. Pisum sativum, the common pea (also known as the garden or field pea), is an herbaceous annual in the Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) family, originally from the Mediterraean basin and Near East. The garden pea is widely cultivated and there are many named varieties. maritimus: 7 Species sativum L. 8 Subspecies arvense (L.) Poiret syn. 1929. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. 275/20009 / Department of Trade and Industry (8) Pisum Sativum / Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh (9) P. sativum is an annual plant, with a life cycle of one year. Pea (Pisum sativum L.) is one of the first domesticated crops, and was the model crop for the foundational genetic studies by Gregor Mendel, which he first reported in 1865. Pisum sativum arvense. It can fix Nitrogen. sativum (autonym) Pisum sativum var. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Pisum is a genus of the family Fabaceae, native to southwest Asia and northeast Africa. Find help & information on Pisum sativum garden pea from the RHS. * Important announcements and news There is some evidence that if Chinese mustard (Brassica juncea) is grown as a green manure before sowing peas this will reduce the incidence of soil-borne root rots[206]. Common Name(s): Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met ... Pisum sativum var. Pisum vulgare Jundz. Protein: 6.2g; Fat: 0.4g; Carbohydrate: 16.9g; Fibre: 2.4g; Ash: 0.9g; Minerals - Calcium: 32mg; Phosphorus: 102mg; Iron: 1.2mg; Magnesium: 0mg; Sodium: 6mg; Potassium: 350mg; Zinc: 0mg; Vitamins - A: 405mg; Thiamine (B1): 0.28mg; Riboflavin (B2): 0.11mg; Niacin: 2.8mg; B6: 0mg; C: 27mg. It was studied by Gregor Mendel who examined it for dominant and recessive traits. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … maritimus: 7 Species sativum L. 8 Subspecies arvense (L.) Poiret syn. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. It can fix Nitrogen. It is in flower from May to September, and the seeds ripen from July to October. BASIONYM: Pisum sativum Linnaeus, var. Round seeded varieties are hardier and can be sown in the autumn to provide an early crop in May or June, wrinkled varieties are sweeter and tastier but are not so hardy and are sown in spring to early summer. If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases; ... Other common names garden pea A light soil and a sheltered position is best for early sowings[1]. Disclaimer: The NCBI taxonomy database is not an authoritative Pisum sativum var. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Pisum . humile, low, low-growing, humble. Preferred Scientific Name. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. Pisum sativum L. var. Foliage: This species had divided foliage, 4-6 opposite leaflets with leafy, rounded stipules and the main axis ending as a tendril. Pods are sweet and juicy and may be eaten raw or cooked. Alternate Names Common Alternate Names: garden pea, field pea, spring pea, English pea, common pea, green pea (Pisum sativum L. ssp. Previously known as: Pisum abyssinicum Pisum arvense Pisum sativum subsp. macrocarpon Ser. Pisum sativum (peas) are hardy annual plants native to Eurasia that have been grown since 7,000 B.C. Common name(s) Peas. Pisum sativum Taxonomy ID: 3888 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid3888) current name. pea; Other Scientific Names Preferred Scientific Name. Widely cultivated for its sweet-tasting edible immature seeds, as well as the immature seedpods and mature seeds, there are many named varieties[183] and these can provide a crop from May to October. Root Rots of Pea, University of Illinois Extension. A nutritional analysis is available[218]. Hardier than the garden pea, but not of such good culinary value, it is more often grown as a green manure or for the dried seeds. Requires a well-drained moisture retentive soil[1, 16, 37]. fonticulorum (Alefeld) Makasheva, Pea 50. sativum (autonym) Pisum sativum subsp. The garden pea, including petit pois. Pisum species Pisum sativum Name Synonyms Lathyrus oleraceus Lam. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Contraceptive  SkinThe seed is contraceptive, fungistatic and spermacidal[218]. macrocarpon : Source: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), 2007 - 2011, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. The flowers are white with purple marks and are followed by the crisp legumes. Peas have long been cultivated as a food crop and a number of distinct forms have emerged which have been classified as follows. The name is also used to describe other edible seeds from the Fabaceae such as the pigeon pea, the cowpea, and the seeds from several species of Lathyrus. Pea, (Pisum sativum), also called garden pea, herbaceous annual plant in the family Fabaceae, grown virtually worldwide for its edible seeds. Another sowing can be made in middle to late autumn. Pisum sativum, the common pea (also known as the garden or field pea), is an herbaceous annual in the Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) family, originally from the Mediterraean basin and Near East, but now widely grown for its seedpod or legume (a simple dry fruit containing several seeds and splitting along seams on two sides). Family: Fabaceae: Species: Pisum sativum L.: Common Name: garden pea, green pea, sugar snap pea: Habitat: Commonly cultivated and very rarely appearing as a waif. For a list of references used on this page please go here. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Pisum sativum L. A member of the Leguminosae family, Pisum sativum L is also known by its common name of Garden Pea. Research suggests that both P. sativum and P. fulvum were domesticated in the Near East about 11,000 years ago, likely from P humile (also known as Pisum sativum subsp. Pisum sativum ‘Avola’ is hardy first early pea variety with a compact growth habit. elatius), and P. abyssinian was developed from P. sativum independently in the Old Kingdom or Middle Kingdom Egypt about 4,000–5,000 years ago. var s = '' This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. The flowers are white with purple marks and are followed by the crisp legumes. Pisum sativum L. Preferred Common Name. pissa. Emerging and Common Disease Issues in Peas, USDA-ARS. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Pisum sativum subsp. Genus Synonyms. hibernicum Alef. A short, small-flowered form of the above. Kingdom. Res. syn. & Graebn. Cultivars developed for their edible young seeds tend to have pods containing a lot of fibre but some cultivars have now been selected for their larger and fibre-free pods - these cultivars are harder to grow for their seed, especially in damp climates, because the seed has a greater tendency to rot in wet weather. TYPE: Pisum sativum Linnaeus Lectotypified by M. L. Green, Prop. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. Pisum sativum / Common names / EOL: Encyclopedia of Life (7) Sweet Pea Production Guide / Information Bulletin No. common name: wild pea: 3 Species fulvum Sibthorp & Sm. Immature seeds - raw or cooked. Stunted yellow plants, in most cases, are the result of poor soil drainage. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Pisum sativum L. Preferred Common Name. sativum); Austrian winter pea (Pisum sativum L. ssp. You may need to protect the seed from the ravages of mice. sativum var. Pisum sativum is the garden pea. 1973. Examples. P. sativum elatius pumilio. Pisum sativum ‘Bijou’ is a rare heirloom pea dating back to the 1800s, which bears enormous pods up to 18cm long. ** Not applicable or data not available. A short, small-flowered form of the above. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Make sure you choose a suitably hardy variety for this sowing. Derivation of the botanical name: Pisum, the Latin name for the pea. humile, low, low-growing, humble. & Noe syn. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. This is the original form of the species and is still found growing wild in Turkey. syn. This has to be timed according to the area where the plants are being grown. Pea is grown in most temperate regions of the world with annual production over the past decade of 10-12 million tonnes of field pea and 14-17 million tonnes of vegetable pea. Pisum sativum is a ANNUAL growing to 2 m (6ft 7in). Rank. Within these two categories, there are dwarf cultivars and climbing cultivars, the taller types tend to yield more heavily and for a longer period but smaller forms are easier to grow, often do not need supports and can give heavier crops from the area of land used (though less from each plant). Maintenance: Peas usually don’t need extra fertilizer once they start growing. They are best grown over a low to medium support to keep airflow moving amongst the foliage and keep the peas off … macrocarpum Taxonomy ID: 257612 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid257612) current name P. sativum elatius. fonticulorum Pisum sativum Linnaeus, subvar. tibetanicum Pisum vulgare Judz. relevant scientific literature for the most reliable information. hortense (Neilr.) humile Poir. Assembly Name Analysis Name Date Constructed Stats; Pisum sativum RefTrans V2: P. sativum CSFL RefTrans V2: 2017-09-19: RNA-Seq Reads: 2.4 billion EST Reads: 18,576 We are currently updating this section. Not edible are inhibited by alliums, gladiolus, fennel and strawberries growing [! Thumbnail map or name for the pfaf.org website on their phone ): Host plant, from... | A-Z sorted by Common Names | A-Z sorted by family to the Flowering plants.... ; ( LINN-903.1 ) lt designated by Westphal, Agric foliage (,.: 7 species sativum L. 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