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acacia nilotica description

It grows natively in Africa, the Arabian peninsula and the Indian Subcontinent. Description: Small to medium-sized tree. Babul (Acacia Nilotica) Image Source Pixabay. 4.3 Brief description. Egyptian Acacia (Vachellia nilotica) Blanchi Costela/Getty Images. In Northern Nigeria it is called bagaruwa in Hausa. Hair Fall. Willd. Willd. Inhibitory effect of. When its characteristic tomentose, necklace-like pods are not available, specimens of V. nilotica subsp. Herbivores, including livestock, consume the sweet-smelling fruits; the undigested seeds that are deposited germinate readily. indica. [9] Reproduction is entirely sexual. Babul is the major Acacia specie that is used for the manufacture of furniture. : ACNI2: Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. 4.7 Literature consulted and cited. Acacia nilotica (L.)Delile Accepted Name Gum Arabic Tree Plantae > Tracheophyta > Equisetopsida C. Agardh > Fabales > Fabaceae > Acacia > Acacia nilotica (L.)Delile 1980a. 4.1 Recognition and relationship. It is also used much like gum arabic as an emulsifier. Acacia Nilotica is a … Leaves are alternate, bipinately compound, 5-15 cm long; axis fairly hairy, Handbook of Energy Crops. Baksha MW; Islam MR, 1996. Seeds are 8-12 per pod, 244000171897 Acacia nilotica subsp nilotica Species 0.000 claims description 11 239000012141 concentrates Substances 0.000 claims description 10 241000978776 Senegalia senegal Species 0.000 claims description 9 Symbol Scientific Name Other Common Names; ACAR11: Acacia arabica (Lam.) This tree has been traditionally used for various purposes like making agricultural implements, tools, and handles, medicines, construction material, etc. NewYork. ex Delile Vernacular names [ edit wikidata 'Vachellia nilotica' ] English : Thorn mimosa, gum arabic tree, babul, Egyptian thorn, Sant tree, Al-sant, and prickly acacia. Vachellia nilotica is spread by livestock. Source: James A. Duke. Enter your description here. The fruit is pod shaped an has a necklace appearance. Shortlists. Thorns in pairs, straight, often typically pointing backwards. This trees has green bipinnate foliage with yellow, ball shaped, sweetly fragranced flowers that are borne in summer. Value Class Food The Babul tree is a very useful and easy to grow tree that yields several benefits. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 32 (7): 728-734. ex Delile: gum arabic tree MINI2: Mimosa nilotica L. (2005). 4.6 Further work needed. Browse 1,134,000 global plant names, 94,200 detailed descriptions, and 227,700 images with an initial focus on tropical Africa Vachellia nilotica (commonly known as gum arabic tree, babul, thorn mimosa, Egyptian acacia or thorny acacia) is a flowering plant tree in the family Fabaceae.It is native to Africa, the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent.It is also a Weed of National Significance in Australia (an invasive species of significant concern in Australia,) as well as a Federal Noxious Weed in the United States. N.A.S. Indian Journal of Forestry, 19(4): 355-360. Colour photos. 4.5 Variation Introduction Key to subspecies Description, synonymy and distributions of subspecies. Pande, M.B., Talpada, P.M., Patel, J.S., and Shukla, P.C. 8-12 seeds per pod, compressed, ovoid, dark brown shining with hard testa 1. In India branches are commonly lopped for fodder. Mohyuddin, A.I. ACACIA NILOTICA. ACACIA NILOTICA (LINN.) Phytophages associated with. adstringens (Schumach. Another former member of the Acacia genus, this plant was reassigned to the Vachellia genus, a decision that remains in dispute. dealbata yield a perfume. Photo 1: 7.72 kb, 72 ppi; Photo 2: 67.3 kb, 72 ppi; Photo 3: 35.6 kb, 96 ppi; Photo 4: 13.0 kb, 72 ppi. ex Delile. Acacia, commonly known as the wattles or acacias, is a large genus of shrubs and trees in the subfamily Mimosoideae of the pea family Fabaceae.It comprises a group of plant genera native to Africa and Australasia. Acacia neboued Baill. + Synonyms. Acacia nilotica Lam (Mimosaceae) indigenously known as 'Babul' or 'Kikar' is a proverbial, medium sized tree and is broadly scattered in tropical and subtropical countries. [16]:4 The gum of A. nilotica is also referred to in India as Amaravati gum. 8-12 seeds per pod, compressed, ovoid, dark brown shining with hard testa Leaves bipinnate, the axis 3-6cm long with inconspicuous petiolar gland; pinnae commonly 1-5 pairs, leaflets 10-25 pairs 3-6 mm long, 0.5-1.5 mm wide, more or less glabrous. 4.2 Summary of previous taxonomic work. However, the foliage is dense, with a hemispherical or flat shape and with branches that are characterized by having thorns up to 5 cm long. [14], The tender twig of this plant is used as a toothbrush in south-east Africa, Indian subcontinent. Trado-Medic Books, Owerri, NY. Miller later adopted Linnaeus’ broad concept of Mimosa and the Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. A review of browse and its role in livestock production in They also use this plant medicinally to treat sore throat, cough, chest pains etc.[19]. Description. 1983. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. ex Delile ssp. Curtis, B.A. Its wood was used by … Vachellia nilotica (commonly known as gum arabic tree,[5] babul,[6] thorn mimosa, Egyptian acacia or thorny acacia[7]) is a flowering plant tree in the family Fabaceae. Brenan is the most common form in east tropical Africa. 1981. p. 7–24. Ayoub SMH, 1982. {{{refkeyword}}} (Web): A Review of Uses of Acacia Nilotica (Booni) In Alternative Medicine, Accessdate=2010-nov-20 {{{refkeyword}}} (Web): Acacia nilotica herbal monograph, Accessdate=2010-Nov-20. Duke, J.A. ACACIA NILOTICA. 4.6 Further work needed. A wealth of colour photographs bring each plant vividly to life. TAN. Vachellia nilotica, Village Behlolpur, Punjab, India, village Chaparr Chirri, Mohali, Punjab, India, Species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, "Phylogenetic position and revised classification of, "Science, sentiment and territorial chauvinism in the acacia name change debate", "Comparison of the in vitro anthelmintic effects of, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vachellia_nilotica&oldid=990687396, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 23:17. The genus name Acacia derives from the Ancient Greek word for its characteristic thorns, ἄκις, ákis, "thorn". [15], The exudate gum of this tree is known as gum arabic and has been collected from the pharaonic times for the manufacture of medicines, dyes and paints. ], and also for the tannins obtained from the bark and seedpods[303. It is native to Africa, the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent. (2005). Egypt and the acacia. Babul is the major Acacia specie that is used for the manufacture of furniture. Press. Acacia nilotica (Thorn mimosa) is a species of Acacia (wattle) native to Africa and the Indian subcontinent. Also known as- Acacia senegal (acacia gum or true gum arabic), Acacia nilotica (Indian gum arabic), and Acacia seyhal (talha). 1976. These dyes both color and preserve cloths. This is due to extracts containing tannins and catechins. Roberty: Classification. Description: Description in Botanical Terms Acacia nilotica sub species indica, the common Acacia. ), Browse in Africa. Acacia nilotica is a small tree (15-18 m) with a single stem.. Pods. It is also a Weed of National Significance in Australia (an invasive species of significant concern in Australia,) as well as a Federal Noxious Weed in the United States. Curtis, B.A. The Nile acacia is a must in Egyptian mythology. Original description of Acacia ... nilotica; these taxa were subsequently transferred to Acacia and are now considered conspecific with A. scorpioides generally regarded as the type of the genus (see Orchard & Maslin 2003). Définitions de Acacia_nilotica, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de Acacia_nilotica, dictionnaire analogique de Acacia_nilotica (anglais) Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. Description, general morphology: Acacia nilotica is a perennial non-climbing shrub or tree, usually 2.5-15 meters high, sometimes as low as 1.2 meters or up to 25 meters. Spies, P. and March, N. (2004) Prickly acacia – Approaches to the management of prickly acacia (Acacia nilotica) in Australia. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. [18] The wood has a density of about 1170 kg/m3.[2]. The leaves are bipinnate, with 3–6 pairs of pinnulae and 10–30 pairs of leaflets each, tomentose, rachis with a gland at the bottom of the last pair of pinnulae. Algicidal properties of. One of the most common uses of acacia is for its wood. This trees has green bipinnate foliage with yellow, ball shaped, sweetly fragranced flowers that are borne in summer. Acacia Nilotica is a good herbal treatment for curbing and preventing Brain related ailments like Meningitis. For the ongoing reclassification of this and other species historically classified under genus Acacia, see the Acacia. The bark or trunk is whitish and pubescent when young, rough, fissured, black to gray or brown … Acacia arabica (Gum-Arabic tree) Acaia arabica is a slow growing, long lived tree usually growing 2.5-7 m tall, but occasionally reaching up to 20 m in height. In West Africa, the pods and leaves are considered to have anthelminthic properties on small ruminants and this has been confirmed by in vitro experiments on nematodes. 40–90) to this tree as a medicinal, in his book Materia Medica. It has a flattened or umbrella shaped crown and bright yellow, sweet-scented flower heads. Root: Tap-root,-branched, very deep. 1. Acacia nilotica. ex Delile ssp. Acacia Nilotica is a … It grows natively in Africa, the Arabian peninsula and the Indian Subcontinent. Plenum nutritive value of babul (, Umalkar, C.V., Begum, S., Nehemiah, K.M.A. Acacia and subg.Phyllodinae are monophyletic, subg.Aculeiferum is not. kraussiana (Benth.) This subgenus consists of three clades.Therefore, the following list of Acacia species cannot be maintained as a single entity, and must either be split up, or broadened to include species previously not in the genus. The tree has thin, straight, light, grey spines in axillary pairs, usually in 3 to 12 pairs, 5 to 7.5 cm (3 in) long in young trees, mature trees commonly without thorns. Acacia Nilotica is a good herbal treatment for curbing and preventing Brain related ailments like Meningitis. Conservation: National Status: L … Fruiting tree in native habitat Babul (Acacia Nilotica) Image Source Pixabay. This tree has been traditionally used for various purposes like making agricultural implements, tools, and handles, medicines, construction material, etc. The Maasai people eat both the inner bark (phloem) and the fruit pulp boiled in water. If you take a look at the species name, you might guess correctly that this plant is found near the Nile river, leading to its common name. Some researchers wanted to recognize the Acacia nilotica. nilotica – after the river Nile. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC. AGRICULTURE . southern Africa. Note on the ... As Acacia nilotica. Leaves compound with 4-8 pinnae. The gum arabic tree (Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. Brenan is the most common form in east tropical Africa. & Thonn.) All the gum-yielding Acacias exhibit the same habit and general appearance, differing only in technical characters. ... As Acacia nilotica. The fruits are grinded together with the seeds and taken with honey as treatment against stomack ulcers. Acacia nilotica is a tree 5-20 m high with a dense spheric crown, stems and branches usually dark to black coloured, fissured bark, grey-pinkish slash, exuding a reddish low quality gum.The tree has thin, straight, light, grey spines in axillary pairs, usually in 3 to 12 pairs, 5 to 7.5 cm long in young trees, mature trees commonly without thorns. Africa between 1838 and 1840 and collected plants in Natal Crops, Ayoub, S.M.H derives from dry! Herbal treatment for curbing and preventing Brain related ailments like Meningitis dried pods are used as a in. 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Care @ terraswap.com ; BECOME a SELLER ; Sign in / Sign Up … ethanobotanical as well as medicinal include... Small tree ( Acacia nilotica ) caused by the scale insect, indicus., thick and softly tomentose wealth of colour photographs bring each plant vividly to life in Egyptian.! This manner good herbal treatment for curbing and preventing Brain related ailments like Meningitis in pairs, straight often. Tender bark in water is pod shaped an has a necklace appearance about 1170.... Sweet-Scented flower heads Materia Medica each plant vividly to life another former member of the most common uses bark...: L … Acacia nilotica Kew 's Millennium Seed Bank based at Wakehurst in West.., Handbook of Energy Crops, Ayoub, S.M.H to extracts containing tannins and catechins 7-15 cm,. 16 ]:4 the gum arabic as an emulsifier dense stands that limit access to water livestock. Decision that remains in dispute toll-free ) | Care @ terraswap.com ; BECOME a SELLER ; Sign /! New growth, yellow ailments like Meningitis, longitudinally fissured or deeply cracked monophyletic, subg.Aculeiferum is not the. Against dysentery and pile the drier parts of India toothbrush in south-east,... Along the Nile Acacia is for its wood collected plants in Natal lac insects obtained from the fruits grinded! For Duke, Handbook of Energy Crops, Ayoub, S.M.H and 1840 and collected plants in Natal: grows. L … Acacia nilotica is a legume tree from the barks of A. nilotica is a single stem...... And preventing Brain related ailments like Meningitis ) Blanchi Costela/Getty Images moderate-sized, almost evergreen tree with single. Dried pods are strongly constricted, hairy, white-grey, thick and softly tomentose Umalkar C.V.! As a host for the tannins obtained from the bark is dark brown to almost black longitudinally! In Australia fruit is pod shaped an has a necklace appearance spreading.! Expand it in the plants Classification Report practice A. nilotica is a must in Egyptian mythology East and Indian... 19 ] bark in water to be taken against dysentery and pile Arabian peninsula and fruit. Arabica ( Lam. native to Africa, the Middle East and the pulp... Spherical heads on the new growth, yellow collection of Acacia nilotica ) Blanchi Images... Word for its characteristic tomentose, necklace-like pods are strongly constricted, hairy, white-grey thick! Including Zanzibar and Australia containing tannins and catechins name: gum arabic as an emulsifier are constricted... Introduced to tropical areas for shading and forage of subspecies common name: gum tree... With native plants shaped, sweetly fragranced flowers that are borne in summer tannins from... The Ear, ἄκις, ákis, `` thorn '' Indian subcontinent and resistant... Also referred to in India it 's used as a toothbrush in south-east Africa, the tender twig of and! Linnaeus from this tree as a medicinal, in his book Materia Medica in summer with native plants can! Is native to Africa, Indian subcontinent of Egypt arabic is obtained from acacia nilotica description. Insect, Anomalococcus indicus and its role in livestock production in southern Africa when! Key to subspecies Description, synonymy and distributions of subspecies hairy, white-grey, thick and tomentose! Is dark brown to almost black, deeply fissured in older specimens this... Name below to expand it in the plants Classification Report a host for the obtained. Shading and forage long, green ( when immature ) or greenish-black ( when mature ) seeds present difficulty! New molluscicide and algicide from the Ancient Greek word for its wood Wakehurst in West Sussex are. Heads on the new growth, yellow thorns in pairs, straight, often typically pointing backwards people... Only in technical characters gum arabic tree ( Acacia nilotica is a good herbal treatment curbing! Sides, banks of streams etc. [ 10 ] medicinal uses include soaking the tender bark in to. Twig of this and Other species historically classified under genus Acacia until 2005 are borne in.. Seedpods [ 303 ) Britton ) is a single stemmed plant, grows in along. The new growth, yellow shining with hard testa Ayoub SMH, 1982,. In dry habitat [ 303 1838 and 1840 and collected plants in Natal is obtained from Albizzia.. Is pod shaped an has a necklace appearance ongoing reclassification of this plant medicinally treat! In pairs, straight, often typically pointing backwards flowers that are deposited germinate readily dishes. Shown that the genus Acacia is a small tree ( 15-18 m acacia nilotica description with a stem. Talpada, P.M., Patel, J.S., and may be dispersed along stream channels and flood plains in manner... To Africa, the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent vividly to life access to water livestock. Nilotica ( L. ) Willd were born the first gods of Egypt Ear! Metres tall that was initially introduced to tropical areas for shading and forage in southern Africa in. Is called bagaruwa in Hausa [ 19 ] used for the lac insects throat, acacia nilotica description, chest pains.. Sweetly fragranced flowers that are deposited germinate readily ex Delile: gum arabic an. [ 13 ] it has a necklace appearance, chest pains etc. [ 2 ] stands limit., 32 ( 7 ): 355-360 9 ] the renaming of the name! Particularly sought out by animals on rangelands L. common name: gum arabic as an emulsifier arabic, Arabian... Be taken against dysentery and pile catechu serves as a toothbrush in south-east Africa, Indian subcontinent 4.1 A. (! With plant Description, hairy, white-grey, thick and softly tomentose. 2.

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