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ethical issues in psychological testing

When this happens, the research results are not accurate because the test results show distortion to favor one group over another. The Ethical guidelines for psychological assessment and the use of psychological tests provide an overview on members’ ethical responsibilities for this type of psychological service. An individual’s direct permission must be sought to disclose any information regarding any psychological test undertaken (Hogan, 2007). The Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct [APA Ethics Code] (APA, ... there is a great need for culturally sensitive and appropriate psychological assessment. Your presentation must provide 2 to 3 slides for each of the required […] In addition, some methods used for psychological testing were permanently discontinued. Ethical issues in psych testing 1. In regard to informed consent, it is a significant aspect of psychological testing. Klein (2005) adds to the importance of research methods because “the psychometric characteristics of the instrument itself are of primary importance in test use” (p. 289). PLAY. These include tests such as the use of IQ testing to place African American children in EMNR classes as is determined by (Kaplan et al., 2008). Deception involves “Making up data or results (fabrication), changing or misreporting data or results (falsification), and using the ideas or words of another person without giving appropriate credit (plagiarism)” (p. 16). In the research article, there should be an indication of what score a participant requires to “pass” a test, or what constitutes sufficient performance. Therefore, to ensure ethics in research, scientists should ensure they are not using negligence or deception. However, this makes psychologists responsible for actions they take including divulging of patient information and testing patients without consent (Maruish, 2002). The British Psychological Society (BPS) and American Psychological Association (APA) have both issued a code of ethics in psychology that provides guidelines for the conduct of research. We utilize security vendors that protect and ensure the integrity of our platform while keeping your private information safe. One of the major ethical issue is about the privacy. For example, Milgram (1963), Zimbardo (1973). The second case along the line of psychological testing includes the case of Brown V. Board of education in 1954 according to (Kaplan et al., 2008). 1st Jan 1970 Researchers must also provide recommendations for the interpretation of test results, including the possible misuse of research. Research ethics comprise many different topics, including test construction and psychometrics. The ethical issues to be covered include informed consent, multicultural considerations, release of test data, third party requests for services, and assessment in the digital age. We will write a custom Essay on Ethical Issues Associated with Psychological Testing specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. Ethical and Professional Issues in Psychological Testing Jova DC. This is IvyPanda's free database of academic paper samples. Ethical Standards in Testing: Test Preparation and Administration Introduction Tests should give an accurate picture of students’ knowledge and skills in the subject area or domain being tested. STUDY. VAT Registration No: 842417633. The researcher must give recommendations for further use of the research and setting passing scores or performance standards. Consent and confidentiality are two particular ethical issues associated with psychological testing. (Maruish, 2002) asserts that informed consent is a continuous process and requires on going solicitations. Researchers must ensure that all barriers of communication are satisfied before consent can be recognized. In measurement bias, the test shows unintentional preference towards people of a certain background. A major issue confronting a psychological researcher is ethics. Test construction also involves errors in research. M. & Saccuzzo, D. P. 2008). One ethical issue associated with psychological testing is informed consent, which means that a patient or client must give his or her consent to be tested on. Testing issues include the development, creation, administration, scoring and interpretation of psychological tests. Ethical Issues in Psychological Assessment GERALD P. KOOCHER AND CELIANE M. REY-CASSERLY 165 IN THE BEGINNING 166 Who Is the Client? Klein (2005) notes, if the overall test scores or the “differential selection rates of individuals from identifiable subgroups by themselves…behave differently across groups, then measurement bias is said to occur” (p. 296). Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. One of the most frequent ethical issues that confronts psychologists in the schools is the process of … Divided Loyalties 7. … 1. *You can also browse our support articles here >. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? 2020. Maruish (2002) contends that “an issue that is consistently included in discussions of ethics in managed behavioral healthcare settings is that of informed consent”. The American Psychological Association (APA) (2010) published the manual Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. Created by. The individual’s consent must be documented properly. This is not measurement bias; on the contrary, it is a reflection of the realistic capabilities of the group. Psychologists find themselves hindered from administering alternative tests on patients strongly deemed necessary for which authorization has been denied. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Therefore, patient information without consent can not be obtained by employers and other third parties. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. The right to Results 4. The researcher must ensure that they are abiding by ethical process as results may have consequences that the experimenter cannot foresee, and failing to comply with these processes may lead to the scorn of the scientific community. Table 1 presents an overview of principles specifically relating to computerized assessment as presented in the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing (1999; joint Standards authored The court ruled out that the use of psychological testing to place children in EMR was discriminatory had no basis on the intellectual abilities of the child. There should also be procedures for setting “performance standards or passing scores” if another researcher was going to give the same test (JCTP, p. 8). (Maruish, 2002) asserts that informed consent is a continuous process and requires on going solicitations. Ethical Issues in Psychological Testing. Because this appears to be a large task, beginning researchers should work closely with an advisor or faculty member to ensure they abide by ethical practices. Psychologists find themselves hindered from administering alternative tests on patients strongly deemed necessary for which authorization has been denied. In addition, the Joint Committee on Testing Practices (JCTP) (2004), in Code of Fair Testing Practices in Education, mentions that differences relating to test scores from various groups must relate to “the skills being assessed,” not the difference in linguistic or cultural background (p. 4). Test construction in ethics refers to psychometrics and professional knowledge of research methods. Competence of psychologist 2. The Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (1995) notes, when an unintentional error promptly corrected, the scientific community accepts the mistake. Hogan, P. T. (2007). That ruled, the use of psychological testing for job placements was annulled since it was deemed discriminatory. Researchers must ensure that all barriers of communication are satisfied before consent can be recognized. Ethical issues may arise when proper procedures for per-forming assessments are not carried out. Study for free with our range of university lectures! IvyPanda. Informed consent is a legal issue. 01 Boundaries of Competence. Individuals of various cultures differ in personality and aptitude. Ethical Issues in Psychological Assessment in School Settings. Readers should be aware that they should not rely on one research study when making decisions. Psychologists must refrain from divulging information about patients or to others who are not qualified to use that information. Another ethical issue is confidentiality. Researchers have to ensure their test is fair and unbiased against a minority. One of the major ethical issue is about the privacy. May 12, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/ethical-issues-associated-with-psychological-testing/. Keywords: ethics, errors, measurement bias, reliability, research, validity. In this assignment, I learned about the importance of ethics in research and the consequences of failing to abide by them. In addition, many previous research studies have had far-reaching consequences that the researcher did not anticipate. "Ethical Issues Associated with Psychological Testing." However, the experimenter should also include information about the misuse of research and the need to consult multiple sources of information. (a) Psychologists provide services, teach, and conduct research with … professional specifically for you? We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Reliability refers to the test yielding “consistent results” (p. 71). Psychology May 12, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/ethical-issues-associated-with-psychological-testing/. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! This test has been reviewed and re-standardized several times to adjust to new norms. The database is updated daily, so anyone can easily find a relevant essay example. Psychological Testing: Principles, Applications, and Issues. There should be an indication regarding whether the test measures what the researcher intended, and how consistent it is in those measurements. This essay on Ethical Issues Associated with Psychological Testing was written and submitted by your fellow student. Ethical Issues in Assessments with Infants and Children Margarita M. Posada Fordham University When conducting assessments with infants and children it important for psychologists to be mind-ful of the ethical issues that may arise. Accurate achievement data are very important for planning curriculum and instruction and for program evaluation. As noted in the standard, this broad area of study incorporates issues of validity and reliability, measurement bias, and recommendations for applying the research in different settings, as well as knowledge of the research study and misuses of the research. Copyright © 2020 - IvyPanda is a trading name of Edustream Technologies LLC, a company registered in Wyoming, USA. Psychology Testing: A Practical Introduction, 2e ISBN: 9780471738077. Prior to beginning work on this assignment, please read the required textbook chapters and articles for this week. Not obtaining informed consent may increase the psychologist’s liability from damages that may occur from law suits that may be filed against him by the patient. However, just as college students cannot plagiarize their assignment for a class because they are breaking the rules of ethics for academic integrity, researchers cannot use deception in research. Science has its basis on the scientific method, which strives for honesty during the scientific process. Select one of the Ethical and Professional Quandries in Testing from Case Exhibit 1.2 in your textbook and describe the ethical issues specific to the scenario you selected. Confidentiality 5. While doing research, the experimenter should make every effort to ensure that studies are valid, reliable, and lack measurement bias. This chapter discusses the ethical issues involved in personality assessment under various contexts in the light of the ethical guidelines established by different professional associations, and emphasizes the need to progressively evolve and refine standards for psychological assessment. Because of the daunting nature of this process, it is necessary for the researcher to work with fellow scientists to confirm their research is reputable. The people being tested may benefit or suffer as a consequence of the assessment, no matter how competently it is carried out. Informed Consent 3. In this article I address ethical issues in the areas of informed consent, nondiscriminatory assessment, projective personality assessment, and computerized psychological testing. There are ethical 166 Ethical Issues in Psychological Assessment considerations best addressed before the assessment is begun, others come into play as the data are collected and analyzed, and still other ethical issues crop up after the actual assess- ment is completed. However, when a scientist is negligent due to inattention, haste, or carelessness, the researcher can be admonished because this can lead to work that “does not meet the standards demanded in science” (p. 15). Psychological Testing: Principles, Applications, and Issues, The Economic Impact of Implementing Electronic Medical Records (EMR) in the United States, Film analysis on The Inside Job Movie by Charles Fergusson, “Gender and Jim Crow: Women and the Politics of White Supremacy in North Carolina, 1896-1920” by Glenda Gilmore, Concept of the Theory of Motivation by Maslow and Herzberg, Social Influences on Behavior: Towards understanding Depression and Alcoholism based on Social Situations, The Concept of Androgyny and Its Benefits in the Society. One of the problems one encounters when conducting psychological research is considering the extent to which the research depends upon being unethical. Polish Psychological Association Ethical … Ethical Issues Associated with Psychological Testing. These tests can evaluate ability, such as intelligence, aptitudes, skills and achievement; personality characteristics, such as traits, attitudes, interests and values; and mental health, such as psychological functioning or signs of psychological or neurological disorders. One of the legal cases Include the famous 1896 case of Plessy v.Fergusson at the end of the 19th century where the Supreme Court ruled that schools should remain segregated but the quality of the schools should remain the same. One cannot make accurate policies from tests that have measurement bias. The current article s purpose is to present an organized overview of relevant research, practice suggestions, and ethical recommendations on working with interpreters for both practicing psychologists and those in training. Gravity. Reference this. APA ethical principles that are indirectly related to the administration, scoring, and interpretation of psychological tests are to act only in a degree of competency. Confidentiality entails potential misuse of tests, test data, and test reports. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! It contested the standard the use of group standardized tests to place students in different learning tracks (Kaplan et al., 2008). Terms in this set (21) Sources for Ethical Decisions • APA:Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct • Local code, e.g. Looking for a flexible role? The above case was used to examine the validity of psychological testing. "Ethical Issues Associated with Psychological Testing." This is not so and usually many of these results … There are three major issues in psychological testing: reliability, validity and bias. Test construction is an important part of research ethics. Ethical Issues Related to Psychological Testing in Africa: What I Have Learned (So Far) Abstract This article attempts to introduce readers to what I have learned regarding ethical issues in psychological testing in Africa. Psychologists must seek for informed consent from their clients to therapy by use of language clearly understood by the participant. Ethics plays a major role in how the scientific community perceives the work of a researcher. "Ethical Issues Associated with Psychological Testing." Company Registration No: 4964706. Include an analysis of the relevant principles from Standard 9 in the APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (Links to an external site.) However, this makes psychologist… We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. In addition, a discussion of some of the procedures a clinical psychologist need to follow to consider ethical and diversity issues in the evaluation process. IvyPanda. "Ethical Issues Associated with Psychological Testing." Kaplan,R. He or she can also, at any time, withdraw consent. (2020) 'Ethical Issues Associated with Psychological Testing'. Mea is a final year medical student with a diploma in psychology and a certificate in Gene Technology. Linda K. Knauss Reviewed by Edna Davoudi, Nilo Dutton, Alexandra Lima, Boubolina Lozano, & Luky Pongquan Article Summary. You can use them for inspiration, an insight into a particular topic, a handy source of reference, or even just as a template of a certain type of paper. Some of the ethical issues associated with psychological testing include informed consent and confidentiality. Hogan (2007), “ethics deals with what one should or should not do, according to principles or norms of conduct” (p. 584). American Psychological Association Career Assessment Ethical Code Test Taker Universal Declaration These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. In this article I address ethical issues in the areas of informed consent, nondiscriminatory assessment, projective personality assessment, and computerized psychological testing. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Ethical Issues Associated with Psychological Testing. There are ethical codes for psychology, domestically and abroad, that are predicated on testing standards specific to the codes of conduct (Leach & Oakland, 2007). May 12, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/ethical-issues-associated-with-psychological-testing/. There are many “grey” areas in research ethics, as indicated in the book On Being a Scientist: Responsible Conduct in Research. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/ethical-issues-associated-with-psychological-testing/. 12 May. Many of the greatest psychological studies have been hugely unethical. The ethical standards promulgated by the profession of psychology address ethical issues relating to assessment in general. The Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (1995) mentions that “research results [must] be accepted by other scientists” (p. 3). The validity and reliability of the test must meet “its intended purposes” (p. 4). This brings value to ethical standards and the willingness for participants to want to be involved in experiments. Patten (2004) refers to validity as “the extent that it measures what it is designed to measure and accurately performs the function(s) it is purported to perform” (p. 59). Web. Ethics and culture play an important role in various aspects of psychological testing. Ethically, psychologists are required to refrain from discussing or referring to the details of a test … Test. All work is written to order. Match. Therefore, it is critical that scientists abide by research ethics. Unfortunately, your browser is too old to work on this site. This sensitivity is manifested in greater consideration of cultural issues with respect to every aspect of test development and use, including decision making on the basis of test data. Spell. Any psychological test is carried out with the implicit understanding that the findings of the test will not be divulged to any other third parties (McIntire & Miller, 2007). The ruling is applicable until today (Kaplan et al., 2008). In addition, because science is a social process where scientists review the work of others to guarantee it meets “socially accepted standards in science,” researchers strive for “responsible scientific practice” (p. 4). Kaplan and Saccuzzo (2008) pointed out that several legal cases have plagued the field of psychological testing. Ethical issues arise before assessments are undertaken, during the testing process or collection of data, and after the information collected is scored, interpreted, and translated into a report. I agree with the readings in this assignment because, in academic fields, researchers have to ensure they abide by ethical procedures. Psychological assessment of individuals for various purposes requires carefully constructed tests which guarantee maximum validity and reliability. Psychological testing in the age of managed behavioral healthcare. Client should be aware of the purpose of the test. The psychologist performing the testing must explain to the subject, in language that he or she can understand, what the test entails. For example, a discovery where the researcher plagiarized the work of another, or was intentionally negligent in their research, would lead to their research being unaccepted by fellow scientists. Informed consent is a legal issue. Psychological Assessment Report ... (RAGA)|| By Preeti Ma'am || Mock test … Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. A psychometrist is a professional skilled in the development, administration and interpretation of tests of psychological constructs, including intelligence. psychological practice with interpreters such as psychological test-ing, psychotherapy, or ethical questions. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Maruish, M. E. (2002), Psychological testing in the age of managed behavioral healthcare. One group may have a greater ability to perform a task than another group. After that, ethical rules of psychological assessment are examined in ways that include both tests and other techniques in the context of ethical principles in the Ethical … From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. Deception in research also has huge consequences. One of the major ethical issues associated with psychological testing is informed consent to the assessment. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. You can view samples of our professional work here. Ethical Issues Associated with Psychological Testing. American Psychological Association Career Assessment Ethical Code Test Taker Universal Declaration These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. Test security 6. Consent and confidentiality are two particular ethical issues associated with psychological testing. The MMPI (Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory) test is widely used in Psychological evaluations. Therefore, ethics is an important element to legitimate research practices. This is an assurance of proper communication between the psychologist and the client throughout the entire testing process. Your privacy is extremely important to us. Lesser examples of this include issues of a test not meeting the purposes of a research study. For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. This paper presents the main challenges psychologist in the Middle East face before, while and after testing regarding the ethical practice in testing. Write your own paper ; however, the experimenter should make every to! Respecting people 's autonomy, and how ethical issues in psychological testing it is in those measurements or across psychologists by profession! 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He or she can also, at any time, withdraw consent group standardized tests to ethical issues in psychological testing! 'S autonomy, and test reports ethical and professional standards work of a group you need assistance with your... Psychologist performing the testing must explain to the assessment, no matter how competently it is those. Students in different learning tracks ( Kaplan et al., 2008 ) pointed that! Psychologists regularly conduct research where they have to ensure that all barriers of communication are satisfied before consent not... Many different topics, all donated by helpful students significant in mitigating ethical issues associated with psychological.! Enable JavaScript your private information safe example of the psychological test undertaken ( Hogan, 2007.... That they should not be obtained by employers and other third parties no matter how competently it necessary. 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